judge david langham 240538639

Fee Schedules Revised

judge david langham 240538639

This post continues the discussion of the impact of CS/CS/HB487 (2023). The first part, including reminders of the nomenclature and legislative process, is in Major Change in the EMA (May 2023). This bill is not a major revision of the workers' compensation law. However, the impact on provider fee schedules may be profound. In any event, the changes should help to attract providers to workers' compensation.

Some history will be helpful. In 2016, the Florida Legislature noted the fact that rules adopted by the Executive branch can have significant economic impacts. Therefore, the provisions of section 120.541 were amended to require agencies to address that potential whenever a new rule is proposed. There is a statement required, called a SERC (statement of estimated regulatory cost) whenever there is such a proposal.

There is a threshold. The rule must be predicted to "have an adverse impact on small business or if the proposed rule is likely to directly or indirectly increase regulatory costs in excess of $200,000 in the aggregate within 1 year after the implementation of the rule."

If that threshold is met, then the SERC must be prepared. And, legislative approval of the rule may be required. This is mandated when the impact is expected to adversely:

  • "impact economic growth . . . in excess of $1 million in the aggregate."
  • adverse(ly) impact on business competitiveness . . . in excess of $1 million in the aggregate."
  • "increase regulatory costs, including transactional costs . . . in excess of $1 million in the aggregate."

Any such proposed rule:

"shall be submitted to the President of the Senate and Speaker of the House of Representatives no later than 30 days prior to the next regular legislative session, and the rule may not take effect until it is ratified by the Legislature."

Notably, the impact of this requirement will become increasingly stringent. In 2023, after inflation, the equivalency to 2016 dollars is $795,892.47 according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. With each passing year, the scope of this constraint will increase as the cost in the present tense will be compared to this past-tense statutory figure. Some feel like it won't be too long before a dozen eggs satisfies the $1 million figure. Have you bought eggs lately?

CS/CS/HB487 ratifies the 2020 Florida Workers' Compensation Health Care Provider Reimbursement Manual filed October 2021. This is the first ratification of an adjustment 2016. And should provide some better standards for the providers that treat injured workers.

The process for these manuals has generally been through the "Three-Member Panel," which has long been part of our Florida workers' compensation parlance. Section 440.13(12), Fla. Stat. The panel will continue to be responsible for "statewide schedules" for "hospitals and ambulatory surgical centers." However, HB487 removes "physicians" and others from that responsibility.

Now, (line 563), the "department" (of Financial Services), essentially the Division of Workers' Compensation, will notify the public of "the physician and nonhospital services schedule of maximum reimbursement allowances" each year by July 1. This will not be "subject to approval by the three-member panel." It is also not applicable to "reimbursement for prescription medication."

As such, according to the legislative staff analysis, the process is removed "from rulemaking and the applicable legislative rule ratification requirement for rules that increase private sector costs more than $1 million." Thus, the Division will be empowered to adjust reimbursement for physicians and other care providers without the cost and technicalities of the rulemaking process, and the challenges of the SERC and legislative approval. 

It seems likely that fee schedule adjustments will become more frequent, focused, and regular. There may be benefit there in both the medical community and workers' compensation generally as more providers are available for injured workers. It is possible that time will bring significant shifts in reimbursement, and that unfettered discretion may eventually impact the ever-important insurance rates. It seems that when rates are affected, there is potential for further legislative consideration. 

Adoption now of the 2020 Rate Manual is predicted to affect a .2% increase in rates. That is likely to be viewed as a nominal amount. In an age of rampant inflation, there are many concerns. Americans are concerned about inflation. The last three years have been significant for inflation. A .2% increase in rates may pale in comparison to those concerns. But, in time, more significant rate increases may drive more significant concerns. 

Courtesy of https://www.usinflationcalculator.com/inflation/current-inflation-rates/

By Judge David Langham

Courtesy of Florida Workers' Comp

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    About The Author

    • Judge David Langham

      David Langham is the Deputy Chief Judge of Compensation Claims for the Florida Office of Judges of Compensation Claims at the Division of Administrative Hearings. He has been involved in workers’ compensation for over 25 years as an attorney, an adjudicator, and administrator. He has delivered hundreds of professional lectures, published numerous articles on workers’ compensation in a variety of publications, and is a frequent blogger on Florida Workers’ Compensation Adjudication. David is a founding director of the National Association of Workers’ Compensation Judiciary and the Professional Mediation Institute, and is involved in the Southern Association of Workers’ Compensation Administrators (SAWCA) and the International Association of Industrial Accident Boards and Commissions (IAIABC). He is a vocal advocate of leveraging technology and modernizing the dispute resolution processes of workers’ compensation.

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