Workers' Compensation Act as amended to January 1, 2019
Sec. 31-355. Hearings; awards. Payments from Second Injury Fund on employerâ€™s failure to comply with award. Civil action for reimbursement. Insolvent insurer. Settlements and agreements. Failure of uninsured employer to pay. (a) The commissioner shall give notice to the Treasurer of all hearing of matters that may involve payment from the Second Injury Fund, and may make an award directing the Treasurer to make payment from the fund.
(b) When an award of compensation has been made under the provisions of this chapter against an employer who failed, neglected, refused or is unable to pay any type of benefit coming due as a consequence of such award or any adjustment in compensation required by this chapter, and whose insurer failed, neglected, refused or is unable to pay the compensation, such compensation shall be paid from the Second Injury Fund. The commissioner, on a finding of failure or inability to pay compensation, shall give notice to the Treasurer of the award, directing the Treasurer to make payment from the fund. Whenever liability to pay compensation is contested by the Treasurer, the Treasurer shall file with the commissioner, on or before the twenty-eighth day after the Treasurer has received an order of payment from the commissioner, a notice in accordance with a form prescribed by the chairman of the Workersâ€™ Compensation Commission stating that the right to compensation is contested, the name of the claimant, the name of the employer, the date of the alleged injury or death and the specific grounds on which the right to compensation is contested. A copy of the notice shall be sent to the employee. The commissioner shall hold a hearing on such contested liability at the request of the Treasurer or the employee in accordance with the provisions of this chapter. If the Treasurer fails to file the notice contesting liability within the time prescribed in this section, the Treasurer shall be conclusively presumed to have accepted the compensability of such alleged injury or death from the Second Injury Fund and shall have no right thereafter to contest the employeeâ€™s right to receive compensation on any grounds or contest the extent of the employeeâ€™s disability.
(c) The employer and the insurer, if any, shall be liable to the state for any payments made out of the fund in accordance with this section or which the Treasurer has by award become obligated to make from the fund, together with cost of attorneysâ€™ fees as fixed by the court. If reimbursement is not made, or a plan for payment to the fund has not been agreed to by the Treasurer and employer, not later than ninety days after any payment from the fund, the Attorney General shall bring a civil action, in the superior court for the judicial district where the award was made, to recover all amounts paid by the fund pursuant to the award, plus double damages together with reasonable attorneyâ€™s fees and costs as taxed by the court. Any amount paid to the Treasurer by the employer or insurer after the filing of an action, but prior to its completion, shall be subject to an interest charge of eighteen per cent per annum, calculated from the date of original payment from the fund.
(d) Any recovery made under this section, including any recovery for costs or attorneyâ€™s fees, shall be paid into the fund. Any administrative or other costs or expenses incurred by the Attorney General in connection with carrying out the purposes of this section, including the hiring of necessary employees, shall be paid from the fund. The Treasurer shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, which describe what constitutes a proper and sufficient â€śplan for payment to the fundâ€ť for the purposes of this section.
(e) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsections (a) to (d), inclusive, of this section, whenever the employerâ€™s insurer has been determined to be insolvent, as defined in section 38a-838, payments required under this section shall be the obligation of the Connecticut Insurance Guaranty Association pursuant to the provisions of sections 38a-836 to 38a-853, inclusive.
(f) Notwithstanding subsection (b) of this section, the commissioner may approve a stipulated settlement for benefits between an injured worker and the Treasurer under this chapter at any time prior to or after the issuance of a finding and award against the employer if the commissioner determines that it is in the best interest of the injured workers to do so. Notice of the proposed settlement shall be sent to the employer by certified mail, return receipt requested, to the employerâ€™s last-known address on file with the Secretary of the State or local postal authority. The commissioner shall hold a hearing on such proposed settlement at the request of the employer in accordance with the provisions of this chapter. If the employer does not file with the Workersâ€™ Compensation Commission a written objection to the proposed settlement not later than twenty-eight days after the date of the notice to the employer of the proposed settlement, the employer shall be deemed to have consented to the proposed settlement and may not thereafter contest the terms of the settlement in any forum. Where payment has been ordered under this subsection, the terms of such order shall have the same status and be governed by the same provisions as an award issued pursuant to subsection (b) of this section.
(g) Nothing in this section shall preclude the Treasurer from entering into an agreement with the employer for the reimbursement of expenses, costs or benefits paid by the fund. The Treasurer, the uninsured employer, the injured worker, or the injured workerâ€™s beneficiaries, or a third party who is liable under section 31-293 may enter into a settlement agreement to finally or partially settle the rights and liabilities of any or all parties under this chapter, subject to the approval of the commissioner.
(h) When a finding and award of compensation has been made against an uninsured employer who fails to pay it, that compensation shall be paid from the Second Injury Fund, and if there are further claims for any related, reasonable and necessary treatment, payment shall by provided to the claimant without a subsequent finding and award.
(1959, P.A. 580, S. 13; 1961, P.A. 491, S. 81; 1969, P.A. 696, S. 16; P.A. 85-349, S. 2; P.A. 86-35, S. 1; P.A. 87-277, S. 2, 4; 87-589, S. 58, 87; P.A. 91-32, S. 39, 41; 91-207, S. 1, 9; P.A. 92-31, S. 6, 7; P.A. 05-199, S. 11.)
History: 1961 act entirely replaced previous provisions; 1969 act specified benefits to be considered as â€ścompensationâ€ť; P.A. 85-349 required the attorney general to bring a civil action for reimbursement of the payments made by the fund, and assessed an interest charge of 18% on delinquent payments; P.A. 86-35 provided that any recovery of moneys pursuant to this section be paid into the second injury fund, that outside counsel may be used for reimbursement procedures and paid for from the fund, that treasurer may agree to a reimbursement payment plan in lieu of civil action, and that payments due from an insolvent workersâ€™ compensation insurer be the obligation of the Connecticut Insurance Guaranty Association; P.A. 87-277 deleted provision re payment from fund of compensation for outside counsel and substituted provision re payment from fund of costs or expenses incurred by attorney general in carrying out purposes of section; P.A. 87-589 changed effective date of P.A. 87-277 from July 1, 1988 to July 1, 1987; P.A. 91-32 made technical changes, added new Subsec. (a), divided existing Subsec. (a) into Subsecs. (b) to (d), inclusive, and redesignated existing Subsec. (b) as Subsec. (e); P.A. 91-207 amended Subsec. (b) by adding provisions re notice whenever liability to pay compensation is contested by the treasurer; P.A. 92-31 made technical changes in Subsec. (b); P.A. 05-199 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a) to (c), amended Subsec. (b) to impose liability on Second Injury Fund for employer and insurer who neglected or refused to pay award of compensation and replace references to specific unpaid benefits with â€śany type of benefit coming due as a consequence of such awardâ€ť, added Subsec. (f) re approval by commissioner of stipulated settlement between injured worker and Treasurer, added Subsec. (g) re settlement agreements and added Subsec. (h) re payment from fund of award of compensation against uninsured employer and payment of further claims without subsequent finding and award, effective July 1, 2006.
Where injury complained of occurred prior to effective date of number 580 of the 1959 public acts, and award in favor of injured employee was made subsequent to that date, provisions of act apply to award so as to require State Treasurer to pay it. 150 C. 153. â€śSecond Injury Fundâ€ť, legislative history and purpose discussed. 166 C. 352. Cited. 171 C. 577; 174 C. 181; 187 C. 53; 210 C. 626; 212 C. 427. Legislature intended that fund would be liable if employer were bankrupt, in which case no judgment could enter against it; commissionerâ€™s ability to enter award against employerâ€™s estate for the purpose of establishing fundâ€™s liability when a claim against the estate is barred by the nonclaim statute is necessary for the operation of section; commissioner need not determine whether a claim against employerâ€™s estate is barred by the nonclaim statute before entering award against the estate or ordering fund to make payments. 256 C. 456.
Cited. 24 CA 93; 37 CA 835; 46 CA 346; Id., 596. Creation of Second Injury Fund under section does not modify Sec. 31-291 and does not abrogate the liability of a governmental entity as a principal employer when the injured employee of the uninsured contractor or subcontractor qualifies for benefits under Sec. 31-291. 183 CA 612.
Cited. 28 CS 5.
Purpose of section is to provide compensation for injured employee when employer fails to pay; section does not make distinctions concerning reasons for employerâ€™s failure to pay; no duty is imposed on commissioner to determine reasons for employerâ€™s failure to pay before imposing liability on the fund; there is no requirement that commissioner provide the fund with opportunity to contest liability in every case where an order to make payment is entered against the fund, regardless of whether the fund participated in prior proceedings. 256 C. 456. Subsec. is inapplicable for purposes of determining when appeal period begins to run under Sec. 31-301(a) re Second Injury Fund claim because the fund had already been participating in proceedings before Workersâ€™ Compensation Commission. 299 C. 376.
Employer and its insurer are liable to reimburse the fund for any payment made to an employee. 256 C. 456.
Jurisdiction of Workersâ€™ Compensation Commission to adjudicate claims originating under act against Connecticut Insurance Guaranty Association discussed. 243 C. 438.