In a comparison of state data from 2016 and 2017, researchers from SHARP examined 18,618 accounts based on five different criteria, including organizations with at least five full-time employees between fiscal years 2014 and 2017, and those with a single business location.
The report includes results based on fixed-site and non-fixed-site industries, along with smaller organizations with five to 24 five full-time employees. The researchers also tracked data for industries and companies that underwent an inspection or consultation visit from the Washington L&I Division of Occupational Safety & Health, along with those that had no contact with the agency.
Among non-fixed-site industries, inspections by Washington DOSH led to a compensation claims rate reduction of 36.7%. For fixed-site industries, DOSH consultations were linked to a 30% decline. At workplaces without DOSH activity, non-fixed-site industries saw an average increase of 5.8% in the claims rate, while fixed-site industries experienced an average decrease of 3.1%.
Washington DOSH consultations had an especially big impact on small establishments with fixed sites, with a 58.2% decline in claims rates. Meanwhile, small establishments with non-fixed sites that underwent DOSH inspections saw a 44.1% reduction.
The report notes that the results are comparable to the state's long-term data, dating to 1999. Since then, enforcement activity has had the largest impact on fixed-site industries, with a 12.6% average claims rate decline. Likewise, in non-fixed-site industries, the rate has decreased 8.8%.
“Enforcement inspections continue to make substantial contributions to reaching the agency's goal of reducing workplace injury and illness rates in Washington state,” the report concludes.